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Changes to the Racing Rules of Sailing 2021

Printed From: Yachts and Yachting Online
Category: Dinghy classes
Forum Name: Technique
Forum Discription: 'How to' section for dinghy questions and answers
URL: http://www.yachtsandyachting.com/forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=13643
Printed Date: 25 Sep 20 at 11:02am
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Topic: Changes to the Racing Rules of Sailing 2021
Posted By: johnbrooker
Subject: Changes to the Racing Rules of Sailing 2021
Date Posted: 31 Jul 20 at 2:42pm
Recently I've been studying the updates to the Racing Rules of Sailing. I've put together an explanation of the changes here:  https://dinghyracingtips.com/blog/changes-to-racing-rules-of-sailing-2021-2024/" rel="nofollow - https://dinghyracingtips.com/blog/changes-to-racing-rules-of-sailing-2021-2024/

I'm sure this could be improved with your feedback. If you have a sec to gives this a read it would be much appreciated. 


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Replies:
Posted By: GML
Date Posted: 31 Jul 20 at 3:32pm
John 

You need to look at more than just the changes in Part 2 if you want to understand the new rules.  

For example, whilst the old rule 21 has been deleted, more or less the same text (I haven't checked exactly) can now be found in new rule 43.1(b). 

Likewise the old rule 14.1(b) is now in 43.1(c). 

(What's happened here is that all of the old rules that exonerated a boat for breaking a rule have been moved into the new rule 43 so that they are all in one place). 

The change from "entitled to room or mark-room" to "sailing within the room or mark-room to which she is entitled" in rule 14 is more than superficial. Previously a boat that was entitled to room or mark-room could claim this exemption even if she wasn't sailing within the room or mark-room to which she was entitled. Now she can't. 

If you haven't already done so, I would recommend reading the World Sailing submissions that led to the changes in the rules - they will not only help you discover whether text has been deleted or simply moved, but will also help you understand why the rule change was proposed in the first place. 

In the past World Sailing published a study version of the new rules which not only provided a mark-up of the changes (so that you could see what had changed) but also included the original submission that led to the change. This didn't normally come out until some months after the new rules were first published, and given the Covid situation may be even later this time (if it is published at all). 

Graham


Posted By: johnbrooker
Date Posted: 31 Jul 20 at 4:04pm
Thanks Graham that's very useful. I thought I'd get something out and adjust it based on other's knowledge/ reading the rest of the book. So your feedback is much appreciated. 

There seems to have been a few transplants of rules. And your analysis of Rule 14 makes sense. I'll add this stuff in when I get a minute. Thanks again


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Posted By: Rupert
Date Posted: 31 Jul 20 at 8:46pm
Interesting that the rules usually change at the end of an Olympic cycle, which hasn't happened yet. Was half expecting them to be delayed by a year.

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Posted By: Brass
Date Posted: 01 Aug 20 at 12:49am
John Brooker

Thank you for your detailed work in identifying changes to the rules.

I haven't got my head around all the changes yet, but I think that your conclusion that 'most changes to Racing Rules of Sailing 2021 are slight' is correct, at least as far as the When Boats Meet Part 2 rules and the procedural effects on ordinary sailors.

There are some moderately significant changes that will affect race management and documentation and some protest an redress processes, which are probably of more concern to race officials than to competitors.

As Graham has said, I don't think you have fully grasped the interactions involved in some of the changes, particularly the replacement of rule 21 by rule 43.

You might be assisted by the discussions of the racingrulesofsailing.org forum https://www.racingrulesofsailing.org/posts?forum_id=1.

Why did you post this general racing rules topic in Dinghy Technique instead of the Racing Rules forum?

Some comments on your three 'headline' changes.

'Hull of primary importance': I agree and well put. Note that this also affects trapezing crew on a boat reaching down the starting line.

'Infringing in the zone': As Graham has pointed out, you are off beam on this one: exoneration has not been removed, it is now consolidated into rule 43. There is no really significant change affecting the way competitors shoudl sail.    And by the way boat's don't 'infringe': they break the rules.

'More Power to SI writers': I would argue that the two matters you highlight are trifling: they were certainly not intended to give more 'power' to race committees. Of somewhat more interest to race document writers is the new requirements that certain rule changes and other matters be included in NOR, rather than SI.


Posted By: johnbrooker
Date Posted: 01 Aug 20 at 9:08am
Hi Rupert, I'm sure there was a debate about pushing the release back. In the circumstances it does appear to make sense but perhaps World Sailing aren't confident of the Olympics going ahead next year. The changes are slight so the change shouldn't impact the games too much. 

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Posted By: johnbrooker
Date Posted: 01 Aug 20 at 9:26am
Cheers Brass. Yes, I haven't got round to reading the full rule book yet but the changes do seem slight on the whole. I don't plan to include changes related to race management just because the post is meant for sailors who don't want to have to read the book with a fine tooth comb to find what's relevant to them.

I had thought I had updated the article with the note on Rule 43 which I hadn't got to at the time of writing. However, the article seemed not to update. Hopefully it has now.

On your point about the forum, I posted it on here because I didn't know there was a rules forum. I may post it on there later.

Thanks for the notes on my main 3 points. 

Also, you seem to be correct on the use of the word 'infringe' since it's not in the RRS. Do you know why that is? It seems correct from a grammatical point of view since the two words appear relatively synonymous. 


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Posted By: Brass
Date Posted: 01 Aug 20 at 10:13am
Timing of Change

As John B says, given that changes in When Boats Meet part 2 rules are almost negligible, I guess WS thought that sticking to the four year cycle, which will get back in sync for the 2024 Olympics, was preferable.

Infringement

Infringement was removed from the RRS in the 1995 re-write, presumably because it is a long complicated wishy-washy euphemism.


Posted By: Paramedic
Date Posted: 01 Aug 20 at 11:13am
They could I suppose use the old rules for the rescheduled games. 


Posted By: JimC
Date Posted: 01 Aug 20 at 11:26am
I think really they'd need to be using the old rules for all the build up events too, be awfully complicated.


Posted By: davidyacht
Date Posted: 01 Aug 20 at 8:34pm
Originally posted by JimC

I think really they'd need to be using the old rules for all the build up events too, be awfully complicated.

Why ... surely if mere mortals like us will make the adjustment when we race next year, surely the gods of sailing are capable of making the necessary adjustments ... or did I miss irony Wink


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Happily living in the past


Posted By: Brass
Date Posted: 02 Aug 20 at 12:13am
Originally posted by davidyacht


Originally posted by JimC

I think really they'd need to be using the old rules for all the build up events too, be awfully complicated.


Why ... surely if mere mortals like us will make the adjustment when we race next year, surely the gods of sailing are capable of making the necessary adjustments ... or did I miss irony Wink


I think this discussion about implementation timing isn't very useful, but it takes about 18 months for the Team Racers and Match Racers to spot potential for exploitation in new rules and for these new 'moves' to work their way up and be tested out at high level events.


Posted By: Paramedic
Date Posted: 02 Aug 20 at 6:42am
Originally posted by JimC

I think really they'd need to be using the old rules for all the build up events too, be awfully complicated.

The trouble is they've done all the built ups to the games over the last four years under a set of rules. It doesn't really seem fair to change them for the event itself. They and their coaches have picked them to death and in the ultimate competition they're different - seems wrong to me.

Why not just suspend the adoption of the new rules for 12 months? Its not as if there's loads of competitive racing going on and - unfortunately - you have to ask how much this will change in the next weeks/months given what's going on.


Posted By: davidyacht
Date Posted: 02 Aug 20 at 10:26am
Originally posted by Paramedic

Originally posted by JimC

I think really they'd need to be using the old rules for all the build up events too, be awfully complicated.

The trouble is they've done all the built ups to the games over the last four years under a set of rules. It doesn't really seem fair to change them for the event itself. They and their coaches have picked them to death and in the ultimate competition they're different - seems wrong to me.

Why not just suspend the adoption of the new rules for 12 months? Its not as if there's loads of competitive racing going on and - unfortunately - you have to ask how much this will change in the next weeks/months given what's going on.
What a load of tosh ... the rules are for all sailors not just Olympians and if World Sailing see that improvements are required, presumably to shut down unintended loopholes then why should the Olympians not benefit ... its not rocket science to check up on any changes and apply them, which I shall have to do in next years Commissioning Race ... no doubt assisted by the latest version of the Rules in Practice.




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Happily living in the past


Posted By: Paramedic
Date Posted: 02 Aug 20 at 5:21pm
Originally posted by davidyacht

What a load of tosh ... the rules are for all sailors not just Olympians and if World Sailing see that improvements are required, presumably to shut down unintended loopholes then why should the Olympians not benefit ... its not rocket science to check up on any changes and apply them, which I shall have to do in next years Commissioning Race ... no doubt assisted by the latest version of the Rules in Practice.

Blimey David no need to be quite so aggressive LOL

Does the reverse not also apply? If you're 3/4 of the way through a series would you be happy if the rules changed? To be honest I've no overly strong feelings either way but to me it doesn't seem fair or makes to sense to change the rules before a cycle has completed.

Just sayin...........Smile


Posted By: davidyacht
Date Posted: 02 Aug 20 at 6:07pm
Particularly grumpy this morning ... apologies.

However I would not have considered that they were part way through a series which starts on 23rd July 2021, the new rules come into effect on 1st January, 2021 ... I would guess that it would be more confusing to Olympic sailors if they had to revert back to the present rules after seven months of applying the 2021 rules in whatever other events they have attended.  Anyway as Brass points out the changes are apparently minor.


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Posted By: JimC
Date Posted: 02 Aug 20 at 7:03pm
Originally posted by Paramedic

If you're 3/4 of the way through a series would you be happy if the rules changed?
Doesn't that happen in every winter series every four years?


Posted By: iGRF
Date Posted: 02 Aug 20 at 8:00pm
Called Mast Abeam on someone today, they still respond.

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Posted By: Paramedic
Date Posted: 02 Aug 20 at 9:04pm
Originally posted by iGRF

Called Mast Abeam on someone today, they still respond.

With how many fingers? LOL


Posted By: Paramedic
Date Posted: 02 Aug 20 at 9:07pm
Originally posted by davidyacht

Particularly grumpy this morning ... apologies.

However I would not have considered that they were part way through a series which starts on 23rd July 2021, the new rules come into effect on 1st January, 2021 ... I would guess that it would be more confusing to Olympic sailors if they had to revert back to the present rules after seven months of applying the 2021 rules in whatever other events they have attended.  Anyway as Brass points out the changes are apparently minor.

No worries :)

You could look at it like that, and like I said I don't really have strong feelings.

I haven't read the changes and as/if they are minor it probably doesn't matter. You've got to have a changeover somewhere obviously.


Posted By: jeffers
Date Posted: 06 Aug 20 at 6:13pm
Originally posted by iGRF

Called Mast Abeam on someone today, they still respond.

Didn't realise you sailed a Flying 15 and smoked a pipe.....


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Paul
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D-Zero GBR 74


Posted By: Brass
Date Posted: 06 Aug 20 at 11:19pm
Originally posted by JimC

Originally posted by Paramedic

If you're 3/4 of the way through a series would you be happy if the rules changed?
Doesn't that happen in every winter series every four years?


This used to be a problem in Australia, particularly for the Sydney Hobart Race, which started on Boxing Day and finished (for an unfortunate few) after New Years. We likewise conducted many National Championship series over the Christmas/New Year period..

For many years the Australian MNA, by prescription, delayed the implementation of the RRS until the middle of the new year.

Since the 2009-2012 rules, Introduction, Revision has provided that for an event beginning in the preceding year the effective date of the new rules may be postponed by the NOR or SI.

This prevents the rules changing in the middle of race.

Most clubs do NOT use this provision for their weekly (summer) series, given that there is usually a Christmas/New Year hiatus to enable keen sailors to study the new rules.

Interestingly the implementation dates for the changed rules has historically floated around a bit:

1989-92 Rules effective 1 May 1989
1997-2000 Rules effective 1 Apr 1997
2001-2004 Rules effective 1 Apr 2001
2005-2008 Rules effective 1 Jan 2005
2009-2012 and thereafter effective 1 Jan 2009, with above provision to postpone.



Posted By: JimC
Date Posted: 07 Aug 20 at 7:13pm
https://www.sailing.org/tools/documents/StudyVersion20212024WorldSailingRacingRulesofSailing-%5B26383%5D.pdf" rel="nofollow - Study version of the new rules. . Includes the submissions that led to the changes.


Posted By: johnbrooker
Date Posted: 07 Aug 20 at 8:55pm
Cheers Jim Smile

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Posted By: iGRF
Date Posted: 07 Aug 20 at 9:25pm
Originally posted by jeffers


Originally posted by iGRF

Called Mast Abeam on someone today, they still respond.

Didn't realise you sailed a Flying 15 and smoked a pipe.....


Now that would be Mark Woods, recently commodore of Hayling and ex young windsurfing person.


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Posted By: Brass
Date Posted: 07 Aug 20 at 11:24pm
Originally posted by JimC

https://www.sailing.org/tools/documents/StudyVersion20212024WorldSailingRacingRulesofSailing-%5B26383%5D.pdf" rel="nofollow - Study version of the new rules. . Includes the submissions that led to the changes.

Great, just as I was finishing my review to assess the changes.

The Introduction is a very useful read: it has a good explanation of the rules review and development process and hints on how to use the Study Version.

It particularly draws attention to the following submissions, which have resulted in numerous small changes throughout the rules and are worth reading before starting in on the rules themselves

(1) New rule 43, Exoneration, is the result of four submissions: 128-19, 14819, 153-19 and 164-19.

(2) Submission 155-19 made many changes in rules involving the notice of race and/or sailing instructions.

(3) Submission 143-18 (use of 'hull' in start and finish) led to nearly twenty consequential changes that are in Submission 154-19.

Extra hint: to avoid hopping through every mention of a submission in the rules text an comments, go to the top of the document (CTRL Up Arrow or Page Up) then search (CTRL F) for the Submission Number, but use the back arrow (<) in the search box to search upwards from the bottom ofthe document.



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